I’ve finally found the time to sit down and start using Vagrant for Real Things. For the unaware, Vagrant is essentially a tool for managing development VMs – excellent for such things as managing a local development environment, or developing and testing Chef/Puppet configuration. For more detail see the excellent set of slides by Vagrant author Mitchell Hashimoto – Develop and Test Configuration Management Scripts with Vagrant.
Something I swiftly ran into was that I have several manifests written for Puppet 3. Among things introduced since Puppet 2.7 are the addition of
unless as a synonym for
if ! to the DSL, and the introduction of Hiera as a “first class citizen”.
So, I want to use Puppet 3, but I really don’t want to have to go and rebuild existing Vagrant boxes. I have Puppet modules for ensuring that I’m running the latest stable Puppet, but that’s not going to work when the existing install can’t parse said modules.
It turns out you can have multiple Provisioners in Vagrant. So, while in general Puppet (or Chef if you’re of that persuasion) is The Right Way to provision things, we can add a Shell provisioner to run before the Puppet provisioner and ensure the VM is running Puppet 3.
Note: Everything I’m doing at the moment is Ubuntu-based; this script is Debian/Ubuntu specific, but should be fairly trivial to adapt to the (supported) distro of your choosing
PuppetLabs provides packages to enable their apt repositories for Debian and Ubuntu, so it’s a simple matter of extracting the OS code name (helpfully provided by
$DISTRIB_CODENAME Update: This doesn’t work for Debian; better to use
lsb_release --codename --short after installing the
lsb-release package providing it) and using that to fetch and install the right package, before updating the package indexes and upgrading Puppet:
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With that in place, all that remains is to get Vagrant to use it as a shell provisioner. Just drop the below line into your
Vagrantfile, somewhere before your Puppet provisioner:
Puppet 3 Provisioner
Once I’d upgraded to Puppet 3, I noticed a few warnings appear across my boxes. Naturally, I wanted to squash these
It’s a simple matter of setting
config.vm.host_name to a valid FQDN, for example:
(If you’re using Vagrant v1 configuration, you’ll want
config.vm.host_name (note the underscore))
Puppet 3 now has Hiera built in, and while its default configuration seems fairly sane and reasonable, it still regards lack of an explicit configuration file as warning-worthy. So, use
options to explicitly set Puppet’s
hiera_config option, for example:
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Sure, perhaps you’re better off building a new base box, but if you’re not ready to do that, this should hopefully come in useful!